The efficient conversion of light into electricity plays a crucial role in many technologies, ranging from cameras to solar cells. It also forms an essential step in data communication applications, since it allows for information carried by light to be converted into electrical information that can be processed in electrical circuits. Graphene is an excellent material for ultrafast conversion of light to electrical signals, but so far it was not known how fast graphene responds to ultrashort flashes of light.
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Ref: Generation of photovoltage in graphene on a femtosecond timescale through efficient carrier heating. Nature Nanotechnology (2015) | DOI:10.1038/nnano.2015.54